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Legal Systems


Legal Systems

In general, the three main legal systems of the world include the civil law (the expression civil law, referring to a legal system, should not be confused with civil law as a group of legal matters, as differentiated from criminal law or public law), common law and religious law. However, each country frequently develops differences on each system or incorporates many other aspects into the system.

The particular system that a country follows is often resolute by its history, its connection with countries abroad, and its obedience to international standards. The sources that jurisdictions recognize as authoritatively required are the defining aspects of legal systems. Yet organization of diverse systems is a subject of form rather than essence, since related rules often prevail.

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Civil law
Common law
Religious law
 Civil law
Civil law is the main system of law in the world in which legislation and custom are recognized as authoritative.
 Common law
In Common law, judges produce the law based on previous cases and alters law in future cases.
 Religious law
Religious law is the concept of a religious system or document used as a legal source in which God is law.